Italien Vs Inhaltsverzeichnis
Spiel-Bilanz aller Duelle zwischen Deutschland und Italien sowie die letzten Spiele untereinander. Darstellung der Heimbilanz von Deutschland gegen Italien. Andererseits soll die Gegenüberstellung Italien vs Deutschland auch ein bisschen dazu beitragen, dass die Wahrnehmung von Italien mal ein. Italien vs. Griechenland: TV, LIVE-STREAM, Aufstellungen, Highlights - die Übertragung des EM-Qualispiels. Lukas Schranner. Am letzten Spieltag der EM-Qualifikation trifft Italien auf Armenien. Hier erfahrt Ihr alles zur Übertragung der Partie live im TV und im. Der Griechisch-Italienische Krieg begann am Oktober als völkerrechtswidriger Angriffskrieg des faschistischen Königreichs Italien gegen das.
Am letzten Spieltag der EM-Qualifikation trifft Italien auf Armenien. Hier erfahrt Ihr alles zur Übertragung der Partie live im TV und im. Die Partie zwischen Irland und Italien bei den Rugby Six Nations am 7. März muss abgesagt werden. Grund dafür sind. März in Madrid gegen Spanien das erste Länderspiel des Jahres. Fünf Tage später ist das Duell mit Italien als zweiter EURO-Test geplant.
In the same year, after Napoleon had crowned himself first French Emperor , the Italian Republic was transformed into the first Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy , or Italico , under his direct rule.
The flag of the Kingdom of Italy was that of the Republic in rectangular form, charged with the golden Napoleonic eagle.
This remained in use until the abdication of Napoleon in Between and , a sequence of events led to the independence and unification of Italy except for Venetia , Rome , Trento and Trieste , known as Italia irredenta , which were united with the rest of Italy in , , and respectively ; this period of Italian history is known as the Risorgimento , or resurgence.
During this period, the tricolore became the symbol which united all the efforts of the Italian people towards freedom and independence.
The Italian tricolour, defaced with the Savoyan coat of arms, was first adopted as a war flag by the Kingdom of Sardinia —Piedmont army in In the same year, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany became constitutional and dropped the Austrian flag , with Austria—Lorraine great coat of arms, in favour of the defaced Italian tricolour with simplified arms.
It is worthy of note, however, that the arms bear the red-white-red flag of Austria, the opponent of Italian unification. In , the Granducato officially ceased to exist, being joined to the Duchies of Modena and Parma to form the United Provinces of Central Italy , which used the undefaced tricolour until it was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia the following year.
The flag of the Constitutional Kingdom of the Two Sicilies , a white field charged with the coats of arms of Castile, Leon, Aragon, Two Sicilies, and Granada, was modified by Ferdinand II through the addition of a red and green border.
This flag lasted from 3 April until 19 May The Provisional Government of Sicily, which lasted from 12 January to 15 May , adopted the Italian tricolour, defaced with the trinacria, or triskelion.
The flags that they adopted, marked the link to Italian independence and unification efforts; the former, the Italian tricolour undefaced, and the latter, charged with the winged lion of St.
Mark, from the flag of the Most Serene Republic , on a white canton. This lasted for four months, while the Papal States of the Church was in abeyance.
This spread throughout the Italian peninsula was the demonstration that the tricolour flag had by now assumed a consolidated symbolism valid throughout the national territory.
In , the flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was again modified to the defaced Italian tricolour with the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies coat of arms.
On 15 April , the flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia was declared the flag of the newly formed Kingdom of Italy. The tricolore , in this context, had a universal, transversal meaning, shared by both monarchists and republicans, progressives and conservatives and Guelphs as well as by the Ghibellines: it was chosen as the flag of a united Italy also for this reason.
With the March on Rome and the establishment of the fascist dictatorship the Italian flag lost its symbolic uniqueness partly obscured by the iconography of the regime.
In , the Fascist government attempted to have the Italian national flag redesigned by having the fasces , the symbol used by the Fascist movement, included in the flag.
The Italian flag came back strongly after the Armistice of Cassibile of 8 September , where it was taken as a symbol by the two sides who faced each other in the Italian Civil War   in an attempt to recall the Risorgimento and its cultural tradition.
Tricolour flags were also the official banners of the Italian Partisan Republics and of the National Liberation Committee , as well as their antagonists, the Republicans.
Roman legions had carried the aquila , or eagle, as signa militaria. On 25 April , known as festa della liberazione , the government of Benito Mussolini fell.
The Italian Social Republic had existed for slightly more than one year and a half. The Republican tricolour was then officially and solemnly delivered to the Italian military corps on 4 November on the occasion of National Unity and Armed Forces Day.
Each comune also has a gonfalone bearing its coat of arms. In , on its bicentenary , 7 January was declared Tricolour Day ; it is intended as a celebration, though not a public holiday.
Among the events celebrating the bicentenary of the Italian flag, there was the realization of the longest tricolour in history, which also entered the Guinness World Records.
In , a state ensign was created specifically for non-military vessels engaged in non-commercial government service; this defaces the Italian tricolour with the national coat of arms.
The law n. Flag of the Cispadane Republic Flag of the Cisalpine Republic — Flag of the Italian Republic — Flag of the Kingdom of Italy — Flag of the Italian United Provinces Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies — Flag of the Republic of San Marco — Flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia — Flag of the Kingdom of Sicily — Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany — Flag of the Roman Republic Flag of the Free cities of Menton and Roquebrune — Flag of the United Provinces of Central Italy — Flag of the Italian Social Republic — Flag of the National Liberation Committee — Flag of the Trust Territory of Somaliland — As already mentioned, the colours of the Italian flag are indicated in article 12  of the Constitution of Italy , published in the Gazzetta Ufficiale No.
If the flag is exposed horizontally, the green part should be placed near the auction, with the white one in a central position and the red one outside, while if the banner is exposed vertically the green section should be placed above.
The need to precisely define the colours was born from an event that happened at the Justus Lipsius building , seat of the Council of the European Union , of the European Council and of their Secretariat , when an Italian MEP , in , noticed that the colours of the Italian flag were unrecognizable with red, for example, which had a shade that turned towards orange: for this reason the government, following the report of this MEP, decided to specifically define the colours of the Italian national flag.
The shades of green, white and red were first specified by these official documents:  . New documents then replaced the previous ones: .
The chromatic tones of the three colours mentioned above, on polyester stamina , are enshrined in paragraph 1 of article n. The President of the Italian Republic has an official standard.
The current version is based on the square flag of the Napoleonic Italian Republic , on a field of blue, charged with the emblem of Italy in gold.
The first version of the standard, adopted in and used until was very similar to the current version only without the red, white and green.
The emblem was also much larger. Cossiga's new version of the standard contained the same Royal Blue background but now with a squared Italian national flag in the centre and no emblem.
After the Republic was proclaimed, the national flag was provisionally adopted as distinguishing flag of the head of state in place of the royal standard.
The standard is kept in the custody of the Commander of the Reggimento Corazzieri of the Arma dei Carabinieri , along with the war flag assigned to Regiment in The Italian Constitution does not make provision for a Vice-President.
However, separate insignia for the President of the Senate, in exercise of duties as acting head of state under Article 86, was created in Distinguishing insignia for former Presidents of the Republic was created in ;  a tricolour in the style of the Presidential standard, it is emblazoned with the Cypher of Honour of the President of the Republic.
The standard of President of the Council of Ministers of Italy , introduced for the first time in by Benito Mussolini , in its first form a littorio beam appeared in the middle of the drape.
The sign was abolished in , while the current one was defined in by Silvio Berlusconi. It consists of a blue drapery bordered by two gold-colored borders in the center of which stands the emblem of the Republic.
The banner should be exposed to every official engagement of the president and on the vehicles that carry it, however it is almost never used.
The main colours are blue and gold, which have always been considered colours linked to the command. The naval flags carry symbols in the center of the white band to distinguish themselves from the flag of Mexico : .
Jack of the former Regia Marina . Military bowsprit flag recto. The law, implementing Article 12 of the Constitution and following of Italy's membership of the European Union , lays down the general provisions governing the use and display of the flag of the Italian Republic and the flag of the European Union in its territory.
There are no international conventions on flying the flag, but protocol adopted by a large number of countries have such similarities as to suggest lines of commonly accepted practice.
In general two areas of exposure are identified: national and international events. In both cases it is generally followed practice that national flags displayed in a group should be of equal size and each hoisted on its own flagstaff, of equal height, or on separate ropes if fixed on yardarm.
It is always treated with dignity and should never be allowed to touch the ground or water. When displayed alongside other flags, the national flag takes the position of honour; it is raised first and lowered last.
Other national flags should be arranged in alphabetical order. Where two or more than three flags appear together, the national flag should be placed to the right left of the observer ; in a display of three flags in line, the national flag occupies the central position.
The European flag is also flown from government buildings on a daily basis. In the presence of a foreign visitor belonging to a member state, this takes precedence over the Italian flag.
As a sign of mourning, flags flown externally shall be lowered to half-mast ; two black ribbons may be attached to those otherwise displayed.
The flag-raising of the tricolour takes place at the first light of dawn, with the flag which is made to slide quickly and resolutely up to the end of the flagpole.
The flagship, which takes place in the evening, is instead slower and more solemn so as not to make it seem a rapid lowering. In the presence of other flags, as well as receiving the highest honor position, it must be hoisted first and lowered last.
As the similarity suggests, the Italian tricolour derives from the flag of France , which was born during the French revolution from the union of white — the colour of the monarchy — with red and blue — the colours of Paris  and which became the symbol of social and political renewal perpetrated by the original Jacobinism.
As already mentioned, green, in the first Italian tricolour cockades, symbolized natural rights , namely social equality and freedom.
Other less probable conjectures that explain the adoption of the green hypothesize a tribute that Napoleon wanted to give to Corsica , where he was born, or to a possible reference to the verdant Italian landscape.
Another hypothesis that attempts to explain the meaning of the three Italian national colours would, without historical bases, be that the green is linked to the colour of the meadows and the Mediterranean maquis , the white to that of the snows of the Alps and the red to the blood spilt in the Wars of Italian Independence and Unification.
To commemorate the birth of the Italian flag on 31 December , the Tricolour Day was established, which is known in Italian as the Festa del Tricolore.
In Reggio nell'Emilia, the Festa del Tricolore is celebrated in Piazza Prampolini, in front of the town hall, in the presence of one of the highest offices of the Italian Republic the President of the Italian Republic or the president of one of the chambers , who attends the 'flag-raising on the notes of Il Canto degli Italiani and which renders military honors a reproduction of the flag of the Cispadane Republic.
In Rome, at the Quirinal Palace , the ceremonial foresees instead the change of the Guard of honour in solemn form with the deployment and the parade of the Corazzieri Regiment in gala uniform and the Fanfare of the Carabinieri Cavalry Regiment.
There are many museums that host at least one historic Italian flag. Located throughout the Italian peninsula, they are mainly located in northern Italy.
The most important exhibition space that hosts Italian tricolour flags is found in the architectural complex of the Altare della Patria in Rome.
Sacrario delel Bandiere , the museum that collects and preserves disused Italian war flags. Of particular importance is the Museum of the tricolour of Reggio nell'Emilia , a city that saw the birth of the Italian flag in Founded in , it is located within the town hall of the Emilian city, adjacent to the Sala del Tricolore : documents are kept and memorabilia whose dating is attributable to a period between the arrival of Napoleon Bonaparte in Reggio and , the year of the first centenary of the Italian flag.
At the National Museum of the Italian Risorgimento in Turin , the only one of Risorgimento that officially has the title of "national", it is possible to find a rich collection of tricolours, including some dating back to the revolutions of The Italian national flag belongs to the family of flags derived from the French tricolor,  with all the meanings attached, as mentioned, to the ideals of the French revolution.
Due to the common arrangement of the colours, at first sight, it seems that the only difference between the Italian and the Mexican flag is only the Aztec coat of arms present in the second; in reality the Italian tricolour uses lighter shades of green and red, and has different proportions than the Mexican flag: those of the Italian flag are equal to , while the proportions of the Mexican flag are Also due to the Italian layout, the Italian flag is also quite similar to the flag of Ireland , with the exception of orange instead of red although the shades used for the two colours are very similar  and proportions against The Hungarian flag has the same colours as the Italian one, but this does not create confusion between the banners: on the Magyar flag the red, white and green tricolour is arranged horizontally.
Finally, they present other combinations of the three colours, the banners of Madagascar ,  Suriname ,  and Burundi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
National flag. Further information: Cockade of Italy and Cockade of France. Main article: Flags of Napoleonic Italy. Further information: Sala del Tricolore.
Main article: List of Italian flags. Further information: Presidential standard of Italy. Standard of a President Emeritus of the Republic.
Further information: National colours of Italy. Educational trips to destinations in Italy and abroad were suspended. On 22 February , Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte suspended all sporting events in the regions of Lombardy and Veneto, which included three Serie A football matches in those regions, as well as one in Piedmont , that were to be played the following day.
Authorities in Veneto cancelled the last two days of the Carnival of Venice. In addition to the emergency phone numbers and , new dedicated numbers were added for the different regions — Lombardy , Campania , Veneto , Piedmont and Emilia-Romagna Supermarkets in Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna were emptied by customers as residents stockpiled food and supplies.
On 24 February additional police officers were assigned to patrol the quarantined areas in Lodi and Veneto. The governor of Basilicata , Vito Bardi , instituted a mandatory day quarantine for people arriving from areas in Northern Italy affected by the outbreak.
Generali Tower in Milan and Palazzo Madama in Rome installed thermal scanners to measure temperatures of visitors and employees.
Court proceedings were postponed until further notice. Walters issued a travel ban covering the areas of Italy affected by the outbreak for US service members and their families.
Multiple fairs and exhibitions were rescheduled. Salone del Mobile was postponed to 16 to 21 June. Italy opened a probe into skyrocketing online prices for masks and sanitising gels.
Police issued warnings that criminals were using false identities and posing as health inspectors to gain access to people's homes to steal money, jewellery and other valuables.
The Italian Minister of University and Research , Gaetano Manfredi , announced that online lessons would be delivered to students in areas affected by the outbreak starting on 2 March.
On 27 February, Taranto , Apulia closed all schools until 29 February. On 28 February, during an interview with Rai News24 , Professor Massimo Galli from the Luigi Sacco Hospital in Milan suggested that the majority of newly recorded cases were pre-existing cases that were finally detected during the extensive tests performed on people and their relatives who had come in contact with confirmed patients.
The Ministry of Health announced new guidelines for reporting cases. These people would undergo isolation at home and would be followed up with new tests until they were negative.
On 1 March, the Council of Ministers approved a decree to organise the containment of the outbreak. In the decree, the Italian national territory was divided into three areas: .
On 4 March, the Italian government imposed the shutdown of all schools and universities nationwide for two weeks as the country reached deaths from the outbreak.
Venturi was the regional minister of health until February Shopping centres had to be closed on weekends, while other commercial activities could remain open if a distance of one metre between customers could be guaranteed.
All organised events were also suspended, as well as events in public or private places, including those of a cultural, recreational, sporting and religious nature, even if held in closed places.
Riots broke out in many penitentiaries throughout Italy after restrictions on conjugal visits were imposed by the government in 8 March decree.
On 9 March, the government announced that all sporting events in Italy would be cancelled until at least 3 April, but the ban does not include Italian clubs or national teams participating in international competitions.
Conte later proceeded to officially sign the new executive decree. Arcuri will cooperate with Commissioner Angelo Borrelli with the aim of strengthening the distribution of intensive care equipment.
On 19 March, the Army was deployed to the city of Bergamo , the worst hit Italian city by the coronavirus, as the local authorities can no longer process the number of dead residents.
The city's mayor Giorgio Gori said the true number of dead could be much higher than reported. On 20 March, the Ministry of Health ordered tighter regulations on free movement.
The new measures banned open-air sports and running, except individually and in close proximity of one's residence. Parks, playgrounds, and public green were closed down.
Furthermore, movement across the country was further restricted, by banning "any movement towards a residence different from the main one", including holiday homes, during weekends and holidays.
On 21 March, Conte announced further restrictions within the nationwide lockdown, by halting all non-essential production, industries and businesses in Italy, following the rise in the number of new cases and deaths in the previous days.
On 24 March, in a live-streamed press conference, Conte announced a new decree approved by the Council of Ministers. The decree imposed higher fines for the violation of the restrictive measures, and regulation of the relationship between government and Parliament during the emergency.
It included also the possibility of reducing or suspending public and private transport, and gave the regional governments power to impose additional restrictive regulations in their Regions for a maximum of seven days before being confirmed by national decree.
On 1 April, the government extended the period of lockdown until 13 April, with health minister Speranza saying that the restrictive measures had begun to yield the first positive results.
On 7 April, after more than a month of suspension, the Italian Basketball Federation officially ended the —20 LBA season, without assigning the title.
On 26 April, the Prime Minister announced a starter plan for the so-called "phase 2", that would start from 4 May. Movements across regions would still be forbidden, while the ones between municipalities would be allowed only for work and health reasons, as well as for visits to relatives.
The plan allowed the re-opening of manufacturing industries and construction sites, however schools, bars, restaurants and hairdressers would stay closed.
On 16 May, Conte announced the government plan for the easing of restrictions. Starting from 18 May most businesses could reopen, and free movement was granted to all citizens within their Region; movement across Regions was still banned for non-essential motives.
Furthermore, on 25 May swimming pools and gyms could also reopen, and on 15 June theatres and cinemas. On 16 March, President of Emilia-Romagna Stefano Bonaccini imposed a strengthened quarantine on the municipality of Medicina , near Bologna, since it had developed an intense outbreak.
People were not allowed to enter or exit the town for any reason. In early April, Lombardy and Tuscany made it compulsory for all residents to wear a face mask when leaving their home.
The strategy of mass-testing asymptomatic carriers was proven to be successful in stopping the spread of the virus in one Italian town.
On 22 February, the government established a lockdown for eleven municipalities in Lombardy and Veneto. On 7 March, the government prepared to extend until 3 April the restricted zone to all of Lombardy, plus fourteen other provinces in Veneto 3 , Emilia-Romagna 5 , Marche 1 and Piedmont 5.
On 9 March, Prime Minister Conte announced that the lockdown would be extended to the entire country. On 23 February , Austria suspended all trains to and from Italy for a few hours because of suspected cases.
On 24 February, an Alitalia flight from Rome to Mauritius was blocked at the Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport by the local authorities, who imposed quarantine or repatriation for Italian passengers.
On 25 February, the United Kingdom and Malta recommended that travellers coming from Italy self-quarantine for 14 days and for all citizens not to travel to regions of Italy affected by the outbreak.
Australia, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands and the United States issued a travel advisory for all citizens not to travel to parts of Italy affected by the outbreak.
Two intercity buses operated by Flixbus, one travelling from Lyon to Rijeka via Turin , the other travelling from Turin to Zagreb , were stopped at the Croatian border for a few hours as the passengers underwent health checks.
Russia, Spain and Turkey issued a recommendation for all citizens not to travel to regions of Italy affected by the outbreak. On 27 February, Israel barred entry to foreign nationals travelling from Italy.
Officials at Ramon Airport refused to let 25 foreign nationals arriving on a Ryanair flight from Bergamo to disembark.
Israeli passengers were allowed to enter the country and were quarantined at home for 14 days. The cruise liner was carrying 4, passengers and 1, crew members, one of whom was reportedly showing flu-like symptoms.
On 28 February, Germany enacted new health security measures to include regulations for air and sea travel, requiring passengers from multiple countries, including Italy, to report their health status before entry.
Train railway companies must report passengers with symptoms to authorities and the federal police would step up checks within 30 kilometres of the border.
On 29 February, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention upgraded the status of Italy to Level 3 guidance to avoid non-essential travel because of widespread community transmission.
On 3 March, India suspended all visas to nationals of Italy, as well as visa to foreign nationals who have travelled to Italy on or after 1 February Passengers arriving directly or indirectly from Italy must undergo medical screening at the port of entry.
On 4 March, Thailand declared that people travelling from Italy must be quarantined for 14 days after arriving, with no exceptions.
On 8 March, Romania declared that people travelling from Italy must be quarantined for 14 days after arriving on a connecting flight or by road, with no exceptions, and suspended flights from Italy from 9 to 23 March.
On 10 March, Slovenia barred entry to foreign nationals travelling from Italy. On 18 March, Nigeria placed an indefinite suspension on all flights coming from Italy with immediate effect.
The Italian government asked for medical equipment from the European Union mechanism of civil protection, and on 11 March complained about the slow response of the other European countries.
The lack of masks became an issue during the peak of the emergency, partly because of the requisitions of imported goods bought by Italy in transport hubs in other countries such as Poland  and Turkey.
It was happen during a raid against Chinese reseller Zhou Lingjian. Since early March, the German government restricted the export of products essential to its national health service.
Italian distributors were advised they could not be supplied with surgical gowns, protective masks, glasses, particulate respirators, nor visors.
On 13 March, a team of nine Chinese experts, among whom there was the manager of the 40, Chinese doctors who had been sent to Wuhan and a leading cardio-pulmonary reanimation doctor, arrived in Rome to share their expertise.
The Chinese Red Cross brought 31 tons of respiratory devices, electrocardiographs, 40 ventilators, tens of thousands of masks, and other medical equipment supplied by the hospital of the School of Medicine of Shanghai Jiaotong University.
On 17 March, Undersecretary at the Ministry of Health , Sandra Zampa announced the purchase of many new ventilators as well as the importing of one and a half million masks from South Africa.
The family's companies Fiat and Ferrari also brought ventilators and offered to help make new ventilator units, in addition to providing a fleet of vehicles to be used to distribute food and medical supplies to the elderly.
On 21 March, the Cuban government sent 52 medical staff 35 doctors and 17 nurses specialised in infectious diseases who had dealt with the Ebola outbreak.
They arrived in Milan on 22 March and entered service in Cremona on 24 March. After a phone call with Conte, Russian president Vladimir Putin arranged the Russian army to send medical help to Italy.
The fuselage of the plane also carried a message for the nation, which read: "From Russia with Love". The US-based evangelical group Samaritan's Purse opened a coronavirus field hospital in the parking lot of Cremona hospital.
On 24 March, Germany took in six coronavirus patients from the Bergamo hospital to be treated in Saxony. The pandemic outbreak heightened the pressure on the Italian healthcare system.
On 9 March, Alessia Bonari, a nurse from Grosseto who worked at a hospital in Milan, posted on Instagram stating that she was physically strained from being overworked and was scared to work after treating over 10, patients who have tested positive.
Bonari and her co-workers had been extremely exhausted due to the pressures of work, and according to her, health caretakers had been working in uncomfortable conditions.
The post, which reached global notoriety, contained a photo of her bruised face from wearing unfit masks and hazmat goggles, and stated that "the protective devices are bad.
On 17 March, undersecretary at the Ministry of Health Sandra Zampa announced the purchase of many new ventilators as well as the importing of one and a half million masks from South Africa.
In order to deal with the numbers of COVID patients, intensive care units were expanded, and new hospitals were created, especially in Lombardy.
Due to hospitals overcrowding with coronavirus patients, thousands of cancer patients experienced difficulties in getting access to treatment and transplants, with their lives put at even higher risk.
Dozens of cancer hospital sections were indeed wither dedicated to host coronavirus wards, or closed after personnel got infected.
A letter published on the NEJM Catalyst Innovations in Care Delivery claimed that one of the reasons for the high death count in the area of Bergamo was hospital contamination.
At least ten different clinical trials were ongoing in Italian hospitals at the beginning of April. Remdesivir was tested with promising initial results in Naples.
The workforce of the healthcare system underwent massive reorganisation. Pediatricians were assigned to adult patients and as a result, their insurance coverage had to be adapted.
Healthcare workers were also affected by coronavirus infections, with a higher percentage of the infected healthcare workers being women because of their predominance among nurses.
The emergency was an occasion to test or develop new protocols based on digital technologies. With the aim of reducing consumption of protective equipment, robots were introduced in hospitals in Varese,  and remote diagnostics were introduced to monitor home care patients in Lodi.
The pandemic provoked large economic damage to the Italian economy. The sectors of tourism, accommodation and food services were among the hardest hit by foreign countries' limitations to travel to Italy, and by the nationwide lockdown imposed by the government on 8 March.
Multiple factories, like Fiat Chrysler , halted production in some of their plants. Although the virus has hit northern Italy hardest, economically deprived areas of southern Italy are suffering the most from the lockdown.
Many residents of those areas work in the grey economy and are therefore not eligible for unemployment benefits. Prosecutors warned that the mafia was not acting out of altruism and was instead seeking control over residents.
Some Italian small and medium-sized enterprises partially or totally converted their production to supply personal protective equipment at a local scale.
Many of these items could not be approved for hospital use, but they were considered useful to supply demand for the general population. In Veneto, Grafica Veneta — the printing company of the Harry Potter books in Italian — started to mass-produce protective masks.
Elle, a company from Castiglione Torinese specialising in textiles for hotels, put its twelve employers to assembling surgical masks for the regional Protezione Civile , and the hospitals of San Maurizio Canavese, Alessandria and Chivasso, with the support the Filmar company from Caselle for the elastics.
Companies producing alcoholic beverages also underwent reconversion to produce alcohol-based hand sanitiser. In Piedmont this occurred in Canelli at the Ramazzotti factory part of the Pernod Ricard group  and in Chieri at the Martini plant.
Isinnova, a local engineering startup from Brescia, provided emergency solutions to local hospitals to compensate the shortages of spare parts for the machines.
Firstly, they produced venturi valves for respirators using 3D printers ,   and later in collaboration with Decathlon they adapted a snorkelling mask into a non-invasive ventilator.
On 25 March, Italy, together with Belgium, France, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain, sent a joint letter to the Council of the EU, calling for the issuing of a new common debt instrument, nicknamed in the media as " eurobond " or "corona bond", to help funding the measures taken against the coronavirus pandemic and the expected economic downturn to follow.
Subsequent to the imposing of the national lockdown, there were protests in some Italian prisons, with fourteen deaths among Modena, Bologna and Foggia's penitentiary.
With all of Italy ordered to remain indoors, Italians took to their balconies to sing together, play music, and applaud the country's health care providers.
At noon on 14 March, they stood on their balconies clapping to salute the nation's health care workers. Some Italians have adapted the local custom of paying in advance at a cafe for a customer who can't afford it "suspended coffee" by paying extra at grocery stores.
Shops may double the amount and donate non-perishable foods to local aid groups like the Community of Sant'Egidio.
On 4 March, the government announced the closure of all schools and colleges until 15 March. With the enactment of the lockdown of Lombardy and 14 more northern provinces on 8 March, the re-opening of schools in these areas was delayed to 3 April.
In Italy, in-person gatherings for religious worship have been suspended and as a result, many churches broadcast Mass via online live-stream, radio and television.
Church funerals cannot be held given the national lockdown. On 5 March, the Italian government decided to postpone the constitutional referendum that was due on 29 March.
The referendum has been delayed until further notice. According to a few surveys, many Italians feel betrayed by the European Union's response to the crisis.
Former president of the European Commission Donald Tusk said that the risk for the European Union is greater than the European debt crisis of , and that despite the fact that EU aid to Italy is greater than from other countries, its perception is crucial.
Top Italian figures have condemned an article in a German newspaper suggesting the mafia was waiting for an influx of European Union cash amid the coronavirus outbreak.
Deaths statistics for Italy include coronavirus victims who died in hospital, as well as those who died outside of hospitals and were tested before or after dying.
Lombardy , official death statistics likely missed a portion of deaths outside hospitals. Not all European countries count coronavirus-related deaths with the same criteria.
For instance, in some other European countries, a distinction is made between deaths caused by coronavirus and deaths of people infected with coronavirus, thus often excluding deaths of people with pre-existing conditions.
The graphs show the development of the pandemic starting from 21 February , the day when the Lombardy and Veneto clusters were first detected.
Algeria — On 25 February , Algeria confirmed its first case, an Italian man from Bertonico , Lombardy who arrived in the country on 17 February.
Central African Republic — On 14 March, the Central African minister of health announced the first confirmed case in the country, a year-old Italian citizen coming from Milan.
Nigeria — On 28 February , Nigeria confirmed its first case, an Italian man who tested positive after arriving from Milan on 25 February and falling ill the next day.
Senegal — Senegal confirmed on 12 March that their fifth confirmed case was a Senegalese national who returned from Italy on 6 March.
Seychelles — Seychelles confirmed its first two cases on 14 March. Both were people who were in contact with someone in Italy who tested positive.
South Africa — South Africa announced that its first seven confirmed cases were South African residents returning from Italy.
Tunisia — Tunisia confirmed its first case on 2 March , and identified the patient as a Tunisian who had returned from Italy.
Argentina — On 3 March, Argentina confirmed its first case, a year-old man who arrived in Argentina two days earlier after a trip that included northern Italy.
Bolivia — Two people who returned from Italy to Bolivia were tested positive. He showed mild symptoms and was quarantined at home.
Canada — Cases 21 and 27 in Ontario were persons who had travelled to Italy. Chile — On 5 March, Chile confirmed its third case, a year-old man who travelled across Europe and visited Northern Italy.
Colombia — The first case in Colombia, confirmed in March, was of a person who had travelled to Milan. Cuba — On 11 March Cuba confirmed that three tourists from Italy were tested positive.
Dominican Republic — On 1 March, authorities in the Dominican Republic confirmed the first case in the country, a tourist coming from Italy.